Final Exam Listening Guide

Indonesia and Southeast Asia

Genres/Styles

  • Javanese gamelan
  • gong kebyar
  • belaganjur
  • kecak
  • pinn peat (pi phat or numerous other spellings)

Instruments

  • gongs
  • gangsa
  • kajar
  • kendang
  • cengceng
  • reyong
  • khaen
  • pinn peat
  • saung-gauk (Burmese harp)

Suggested People

  • Walter Spies
  • Wayan Limbak

South Asia

Genres/Styles

  • Dhrupad
  • Qawwali
  • Bhangra
  • Hindustani raga
    • Alap and Gat sections
  • Carnatic (Karnatak) raga
  • Filmigit (Bollywood songs)
  • Additional Genres/Styles
    • Bhajan
    • Kriti

Instruments

  • Bansuri
  • Shehnai
  • Mrindangam
  • Tabla
  • Harmonium
  • Sarangi
  • Tambura
  • Sitar
  • Sarod
  • Vina (Veena)
  • Mohan Vina
  • Santoor (Santur)
  • Dhol

Suggested People

  • Malkit Singh
  • Lata Mangeshkar
  • Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan
  • Ravi Shankar
  • Zakir Hussein

Sub-Saharan Africa

Genres/Styles

  • West-African drumming
    • Agbekor
    • Talking drums
  • Shona mbira music
  • BaAka singing
  • mbube/iscathamiya
  • Congolese rumba
  • Afro-beat

Instruments

  • Kora
  • Endongo
  • Mbira
  • Dawuro/Gankogui (also called Gongon in Bakan text)
  • Bala
  • Dundun
  • Koni
  • Atumpan
  • Djembe
  • Akadinda

Suggested People

  • Toumani Diabate
  • Miriam Makeba
  • Ephat Mujuru
  • Ladysmith Black Mambazo
  • Fela Kuti

Latin America

Genres/Styles

  • Cuban Santeria/Brazilian Candomble
  • Afro-cuban rumba
  • Cha cha chá
  • Mambo
  • Salsa
  • Mariachi
  • Bossa nova
  • Steel pan/calypso/soca
  • Tassa
  • Sikuri (panpipe) ensemble
  • Capoeira
  • Samba
  • Reggae/ska/rock steady
  • Mexican/Guatemalan marimba music
  • Tango

Instruments

  • Clave
  • Cowbell
  • Maracas
  • Bongos
  • Congas
  • Guiro
  • Guira
  • Timbales
  • Tambora
  • Sikuri
  • Steel drums
  • Berimbau

Suggested People

  • Tito Puente
  • Antonio Carlos Jobim
  • Gilberto Gil
  • Astor Piazzola
  • Juan Luis Guerra
  • Carlos Santana

West/Central Asia & North Africa

Genres/Styles

  • Qur'anic recitation/call to prayer
  • maqam/makam/dastgah
  • Mevlevi order of Sufism
  • Rai
  • Chachar mezrab
  • Takasim/Taqasim/Taqsim
  • Tuvan khoomei

Instruments

  • Ud
  • Takht ensemble
  • Mizmaar
  • Madh ensemble
  • ney
  • riqq/riq
  • qanun
  • tar
  • Darbuka/Doumbek
  • setar
  • santur

Suggested People

  • Amr Diab
  • Hakim
  • Umm Kulthoum (first name sometimes spelled "Oum")
  • Ched Khaled

East Asia

Genres/Styles

  • Tibetan chant
  • Sizhu ensemble
  • Peking opera
  • Gagaku
  • Mongolian Khoomii
  • Kabuki theatre
  • taiko ensemble

Instruments

  • Qin
  • Zheng
  • Shakuhachi
  • Erhu
  • Xiao
  • Sizhu ensemble
  • Pipa
  • Shamisen
  • changgo
  • Koto
  • Taiko

Suggested People

  • Tan Dun

North America

Genres/Styles

  • Native American powwow music
  • Conjunto music/tejano/norteno
  • Blues
    • Country (Delta)
    • Urban (Electric)
  • Gospel
  • Sacred Harp
  • Jazz
    • Ragtime
    • Dixieland
    • Swing
    • Bebop
  • Zydeco

Suggested People

  • Selena Quintanilla
  • Mahalia Jackson
  • Scott Joplin
  • Charlie Parker
  • Clifton Chenier

Europe

Genres/Styles

  • Sean nos
  • Reel
  • Jig
  • Flamenco
  • Klezmer
  • Sami yoik
  • Alpine yodeling
  • Bulgarian women's choir
  • Balkan wedding music
  • Greek folkloric music
  • Fado

Instruments

  • Irish harp
  • Tin Whistle
  • Irish Flute
  • Uillean pipes
  • Highland pipes
  • Bodhran
  • Accordion
  • Bouzouki
  • Bulgarian gaida
  • Russian balalaika
  • Hurdy-gurdy

Suggested People

  • The Chieftans
  • Seamus Ennis
  • Turlough O'Carolan

Oceania

Genres/Styles

  • Australian aboriginal song
  • Papua New Guinean susap music
  • Hawaiian Drum dance
    • mele hula
    • hula pahu
  • Kiribati Group Song
  • Fijian Meke
  • Slack key guitar

Instruments

  • Didgeridoo
  • Clapsticks
  • Garamut (slit-log drums)
  • Susap
  • Pahu
  • Hawaiian Kilu (puniu)
  • Ukelele

Suggested People

  • Israel Kamakawiwo'ole (IZ)